Anyone know what are the stars of the brightest in the sky?
Here are 10 of the brightest star in the heavens:
1. Sirius Star
Sirius (α CMa / α Canis Majoris / Alpha Canis Majoris), also called the dog star or in Arabic is called Sirius. This star is located in the constellation Canis Major and is a multiple star system with the primary component of the class A main sequence star and a white dwarf secondary component. Based on the changes in motion himself, in 1844 Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel conclude that Sirius is likely to have a partner. Nearly two decades later, in 1862, Alvan Graham Clark discovered the pair were later named dim Sirius B, which is known to fondly call "The Puppies". Components are visible now sometimes referred to as Sirius A.
Astronomers at the Mount Wilson Observatory discovered in 1915 that Sirius B is a white dwarf. Diameter of Sirius A was first measured by Robert Hanbury Brown and Richard Q. Twiss in 1959 at Jodrell Bank using their intensity interferometer. In 2005, using the Hubble Space Telescope, astronomers found that the diameter of Sirius B is almost the same as the diameter of the Earth, which is about 12,000 miles, with 98% of the mass of the Sun.
Even in the Qur'an clearly written on Sirius or Sirius:
And that He is Lord (who has) of Sirius (Surat An-Najm, 53: 49)
2. Canopus Star
Canopus (α Car / α Carinae / Alpha Carinae) is the brightest star in the constellation Carina, the apparent magnitude of -0.72. Canopus best sighting was on 28/29 December, the middle of the night. For those who are in the southern hemisphere, it is possible to see the two brightest star, Sirius and Canopus in one night. Yellow-white star is derived from the legend of the Trojan War.
3. Rigil Kentaurus
Rigil Kentaurus or Alpha Centauri (α Cen / α Centauri), (also known as Rigil Kentaurus, Rigil Kent, or Toliman) is the brightest star in the constellation Centaurus. Name Rigil or Rigel taken from Arabic that refers to leg with a combined magnitude -0.27.
4. Star Arcturus
Or the Big Dipper star Arcturus (α Boo / α Boötis / Alpha Boötis) (IPA: [aɹktjuɹəs]) is the brightest star in the constellation Boötes, the apparent magnitude of -0.05, which is one of the oldest constellations in the night sky. Arcturus is a red giant star with spectral class K1, 5 IIIpe. Best sighting was around April.
Arcturus comes from the ancient Greek Αρκτοῦρος (Arktouros), meaning "bear guard". This name represents the brilliance of the star in the constellation Boötes (located on the left leg of the herdsman) where the shepherds were in front of the Great Bear and the Little Bear (constellation Ursa Major and Ursa Minor).
In the Arab region, this star is one star who disebuk al-Listen "elevated", in addition to Spica. Arcturus, then called السماك الرامح Listen as-ar-rāmiħ "one javelin thrower who elevated". then romanized be Aramec and Azimech. Another Arabic name Haris-el-sema, from حارس السماء Haris al-Sama '"guard the sky."
5. Vega Star
Vega is the brightest star in the constellation Lyra, a small but important constellation which lies between Hercules and Cygnus constellation. Stars with magnitudes 0:04 which lies 26 light years is the fifth brightest star in the night sky. Because the effect of changes in the Earth's rotation axis, the Vega is expected to be a pole star in the upcoming period of 12,000 years. Name Vega or Wega estimated to come from the Arabic, waqi, which means "fell". The name is derived from the phrase لنسر الواقع an-Nasr al-waqi 'which means "falcon fall".
6. Capella Star
Capella (α Aurigae / α Aur / Alpha Aurigae / Alpha Aur) is the brightest star in the constellation Auriga. Capella name comes from the Latin word which means goat.
Capella is a yellow giant star, like our own sun. Actually it is a double star, consisting of two parts on each other every 104 days. Capella 45 light-years away.
Capella name comes from the Latin word meaning goat Capra minor (English: female goat). Capella is the position of the left shoulder chariot rider, or a goat that carried by the chariot riders. In Greek mythology, the star represents the goat Amalthea held by Jupiter.
Capella is the traditional name of Alhajoth (also called Alhaior, Althaiot, Alhaiset, Alhatod, Alhojet, Alanac, Alanat, Alioc), where the name is derived from the Arabic العيوق, al-cayyūq. cAyyūq and perhaps the Arabization of the Greek language support αίξ aiks word "goat", then became Αίγα Aiga, "feminism of the goat".
7. Rigel Star
Rigel (pronounced / raɪʤəl /) (β Ori / β Orionis / Beta Orionis) is the brightest star in the constellation Orion and the sixth brightest star in the night sky, with a visual magnitude of 0:18. Although it has the Bayer naming "beta", Rigel is almost always brighter than Alpha Orionis (Betelgeuse). Rigel name derived from the word Riǧl Ǧawza al-Yusra, derived from Arabic meaning "left leg". It shows where the constellation Orion. Rigel is a blue supergiant and a part of the system 4.
8. Procyon star
Procyon (CMI α / α Canis Minoris / Alpha Canis Minoris) is the brightest star in the constellation Canis Minor. With the naked eye appears as a single star with an apparent magnitude 0.34. Procyon is actually a binary star system consisting of a main sequence star with spectral class F5 IV-V, named Procyon A, and a white dwarf with a spectral class DA named Procyon B. At a distance of 3.5 parsecs or 11.41 light years, become one of the star Procyon sun neighbors. Procyon nearest neighbor is Luyten star, at a distance of 0.34 pc or 1.11 light years.
Procyon name comes from the Greek προκύον (prokyon), means "before the dog (it appears)", "the dog" represents the "Dog Star" Sirius so it can be interpreted "(were) before (stars) dog". With Sirius, Procyon is mentioned in many ancient literature of Babylon and Ancient Egypt.
In addition, Antacenis name and the name of the Arab Al Shira and Elgomeisa used. Antacenis derived from the Arabic derivative الشعرى الشامية ši'ra AS-AS-šamiyah "sign Sirius, Syria (merepresenasi location of the star Sirius in the north). Elgomeisa derived from the Arabic derivative الغميصاء al-ghumaisa '" a grim-eyed ", in contrast with العبور "watery eyes" (Sirius).
9. Stars Achemar
Ninth brightest star in the night sky is Achernar. This star is very bright bluish white that is about 69 light years from Earth.
This star is a mysterious star, because to know more about Achemar very hard.
10. Star Betelgeuse
Betelgeuse (Alpha (α) Orionis) is a star located 427 light-years from Earth. This star is the second brightest star in the constellation of Orion. He is a red supergiant about 13,000 times brighter than our sun and is more than 1000 times greater. If you put Betelgeuse in place of our sun, will extend the orbit of Jupiter.
Betelgeuse name comes from the Bait al-Twins, derived from Arabic which means "home of the giants".
That's the tenth brightest star in the heavens. Tenth star exciting is not it? If you are interested, you can PDKT with them further.